Barangay Binauganan is also part of the South District Division of Barangays in Tarlac City. It is bounded by Barangay San Sebastian on the South, Barangay San Juan Bautista on the North, Barangay Ligtasan on the Northwest, Barangay Ungot on the Southwest and Barangay San Roque on the West.

It is approximately 2.4 kilometers away from city proper. It has a total land area of 181.89 hectares wherein 72.96 hectares corresponds to agricultural area and the remaining 108.93 hectares designate to residential and commercial area. It also divided into 7 sitio’s namely: Libutad Asikan, Lele Sapa, etc.

Barangay Binauganan classified as Rural Barangay, it has a total population of two thousand two hundred fifty four (2,254) as of 2005, and a household population of four hundred forty six (446).

Barangay Binauganan is an agricultural barangay. Approximately 40% of the total populationsresiding in this area are farmers. Farming is one of the major sources of their livelihood. They cultivate palay, corn, vegetables and sugarcanes. Other residents were employees, labores, construction workers, drivers and so on. Some residents have their own business such as sari-sari store, canteen and so on.

Barangay Binauganan is one of the oldest barangay in Tarlac City like the other barangays it also has a tall grasses and big trees. The pioneer in this barangay is Don Jose Manapat. According to the elders, many dead people were “binaun” in this barangay. The resident here tells that many ghost lives in this barangay. They live in the trees especially the trees that are old and look ugly and because of the extent imagination of people, they called it Bianuganan. Among the pioneers of this barangay are the family of Don Jose Manapat, Nicolas, Garcia, Dela Cruz, Miranda, De Leon, and Barriestoriosion Family. This barangay was declared on 1914, and it progresses in the years of 1945.

Ninety percent of the total populations are Pampango, and the rest are Tagalog, Bisaya, Pangasinense, and Ilocano.

Barangay Binauganan celebrates their feast day every May 15 as a thanksgiving to the Patron San Isidro Labrador/Saint Isidore the Laborer. Saint Isidore the Laborer or the Labourer, also known as Isidore the Farmer, or San Isidro Labrador in Spanish, (c. 1070–May 15, 1130), was a Spanish day laborer known for his goodness toward the poor and animals. He is the Catholic patron saint of farmers and Madrid.

Isidore is widely venerated as the patron saint of peasants and day laborers, as he had been one himself. In 1947, at the request of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference, he was officially named patron of farmers, with a feast day on March 22 in all dioceses of the US, with a proper Mass and Office.